Weekly Covid-19 deaths fell for the first time in three months during the final days of England’s second national lockdown, official data revealed today.
Figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) show the virus was mentioned on 2,515 death certificates in England and Wales in the week to December 4, which was down from 2,971 seven days earlier.
The 15 per cent drop was the first time since early September that fewer people succumbed to the virus than the week before. The vast majority of fatalities were recorded in England.
But when the figures were broken down by region, the report revealed the West Midlands, the East and London all recorded rises in Covid-19 deaths over the same period.
It can take up to three weeks for a fall in cases to be reflected in deaths because of how long it takes for someone who is infected with the virus to become severely ill and then fall victim to the disease.
So a drop in deaths in the lockdown’s fourth week suggests that England and Wales’ second wave was at its most rampant at the start of November, just before shops, pubs and bars were asked to bolt their doors again. Scientists at the time estimated that between 50,000 and 100,000 people were getting infected each day.
Yet the slight rise in other areas suggests infections may have started to tick back up in these areas during the national lockdown period.
The ONS report also shows that coronavirus is now accounting for slightly fewer than one in five deaths in England and Wales, while fewer people are dying of other causes.
Total deaths were above average in all regions after being pushed up by Covid-19, and over 35,000 extra people have died in private homes this year as many have avoided or being unable to get vital healthcare.
Excess deaths not from Covid-19 rose in the final week of lockdown, however, suggesting further issues treating patients and accessing healthcare due to the pandemic.
The deadliest day of the second wave was recorded on November 18, the figures reveal, when 494 people succumbed to the virus.
Covid-19 deaths declined in the final week of lockdown, official data shows, as the draconian restrictions began to take effect
All fatalities remained above the five-year average in England and Wales in the seven-day spell to December 4, which encompasses the final week of lockdown
Deaths from all causes are still above the five-year average. But in the final week of lockdown there was a 15 per cent drop in the number of Covid-19 fatalities
The decline in deaths was not uniform, however, with the West Midlands, East of England and London all recording more deaths involving the virus in the seven-day period to December 4
More than 75 per cent of all deaths were recorded in the over 75s age groups in the final week of lockdown
LOCKDOWN CUT CORONAVIRUS CASES BY 28 PER CENT
The number of coronavirus cases in England dropped by a quarter during the second national lockdown, a Government-backed study has revealed.
Scientists found 1,299 positive cases out of 160,000 people over three weeks to December 3 – approximately 0.94 per cent, or 94 cases per 10,000 people.
This was a drop from the previous three weeks to November 2 when 1,732 out of 160,000 swabs were positive, which showed 1.08 per cent of the population was infected, or 108 per 10,000.
When the data was broken down by regions, however, it revealed a varied picture with infections sliding downwards in some places but ticking upwards in others despite the uniform forced closure of pubs, bars and restaurants.
Yorkshire and the Humber, London and the North East all saw infections rise over the study period, the researchers said.
In the capital the rate of people with coronavirus rose from 98 in every 10,000 people to 121 per 10,000.
But in the West Midlands they dipped by half, and falls were also recorded in the East Midlands and North West.
The Imperial College London scientists running the REACT-1 study, commissioned by the Department of Health, said it ‘was not clear’ why these differences occurred.
But they added there may be a link between them and the strictest containment measures imposed in areas before the second lockdown.
The ONS report published today reveals coronavirus death occurrences – which are counted by date of death – dropped during the final week of England’s national lockdown.
And a second measure the Government agency uses – death registrations – also revealed a seven per cent decline in deaths from coronavirus, down to 2,835 from 3,040 in the previous week.
This is the first time they have actually fallen since September, although the rise in deaths has been decelerating for weeks beforehand.
In the seven-day spell to October 23, taking in the first period of the old tier system, weekly deaths surged by 64 per cent compared to the week before to 1,268, according to the ONS.
But by the week to November 13 they had risen by 18 per cent, from 2,193 to 2,590, and in the seven days to November 27 they ticked up by just five per cent from 2,835 to 2,971.
The latest data from the ONS reveals there wasn’t a consistent decline in deaths across England, suggesting the draconian curbs failed to slow the spread of the disease in some areas.
In the East of England, weekly Covid deaths jumped by 17 per cent, the biggest increase recorded in England, from 155 to 182.
In London they went up by 11 per cent, from 190 to 211, and in the West Midlands they rose by five per cent from 361 to 381.
Excess deaths also rose in these regions alongside the South East, South West and Wales, which may indicate problems accessing health services due to the pandemic.
A split in the impact of lockdown on areas was also suggested by the REACT-1 study published yesterday, which surveys Covid-19 infections in England.
It found that between November 13 and December 3 – the last three weeks of lockdown – infections actually rose in the South East, North East, Yorkshire, East of England and London while falling in all other areas.
Public health experts have suggested that cases rose in some areas during the shutdown because schools were allowed to stay open – which didn’t happen in March – but said this didn’t account for all rises seen.
Dr Mark Ansell, public health director for the London borough of Havering, told MailOnline last week that the outbreak in the capital’s Covid-19 hotspot was being driven by secondary school children while cases were flatlining in the adult population.
He warned the council was concerned about the Christmas period – given they also saw a slight rise in infections over half term when children and young people were mixing.
In response to mounting infections the Health Secretary Matt Hancock will plunge London and parts of Essex and Hertfordshire into Tier Three from tonight – with pubs and restaurants again forced to bolt their doors.
The ONS study says the biggest decrease in deaths involving coronavirus was seen in those aged 80 to 84, with 60 fewer deaths compared with the previous week.
Three-quarters of deaths involving Covid-19 were in people aged 75 and over.
The number of deaths from all causes in hospitals, care homes and private homes remained above the average for this period over the past five years.
But it dropped in hospitals, care homes and private homes compared to the previous week.
Coronavirus also caused more deaths than flu and pneumonia, ONS data shows, as lockdowns and social restrictions put tighter curbs on the spread of this virus.
The number of deaths from all causes in hospitals, care homes and private homes remained above the average for this period over the past five years
But the total number of deaths fell in hospitals, care homes and private homes over the final week of lockdown
Covid-19 also accounted for more deaths than pneumonia and influenza, the latest ONS report reveals
NEARLY 500 COVID-19 DEATHS ON UK’S ‘DEADLIEST DAY’ OF SECOND WAVE
Nearly 500 deaths involving Covid-19 took place on the deadliest day of the second wave of the pandemic, official figures have revealed.
A total of 494 deaths occurred on November 18 where Covid-19 was recorded on the death certificate. This compares with 1,455 deaths on April 8 – the ‘deadliest day’ of the first wave.
Since November 18 the number of deaths per day has fallen slightly, but has remained in the 400s.
The totals for more recent days, such as December 1 – currently 369 – are likely to rise once more deaths are registered.
Figures for deaths involving Covid-19 are different to the number of deaths announced each day by the Government, which only include people who have died within 28 days of testing positive for Covid-19.
The Government’s daily total is also based on how many new deaths have been reported in the past 24 hours, not how many have actually taken place.
Separate figures published on Tuesday by the ONS show the number of deaths involving Covid-19 registered in the UK fell in the week ending December 4 – the first week-on-week drop since the start of September.
Of all deaths involving Covid-19 registered in the UK, around nine in 10 have the virus recorded as the underlying cause of death.