Is there time forto reach Americans before the end of 2020? The answer is a tricky one. We’ve plotted out the last date that a needs to pass in order for you to get a payment by the time the year is through. But the biggest impediment to this year lies with Congress.
As of Tuesday,, with three fresh proposals that may end up going nowhere if the opposition is strong enough to keep them from advancing (one is already down for the count). It’s too soon to say for sure, however, but it may be that a second stimulus check has its best chance in early 2021. (Even .)
Using clues from the first round of stimulus payments (such as how the IRS forms priority groups to send out the money in waves) and some key dates on the Congressional calendar, we’ve sketched out some possible timelines of when you could see a second stimulus check, whenever one is approved.
Before you read everything we currently know below, here are a few takeaways to note:
We update this story regularly.
When will Congress vote on the next stimulus bill?
House Majority Speaker Steny Hoyer said Nov. 27, “The House may complete legislative business early the week of Dec. 7,” including work on a stimulus bill. While the package has been a moving target for months, this does give us another date to go on, and you’ll see that reflected in Scenario 1 in the chart below.
Right now, it seems the Senate is leaning toward a stopgap stimulus bill that. After President-elect Joe Biden becomes , the new administration could try again for a larger bill that could include another direct payment. That would mean a check would likely go out in February at the earliest. See the chart below for possible dates. (Here are separate if there’s no stimulus bill by inauguration).
If approved, how quickly could the IRS send a second payment?
In August, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said it would take about a week from the time that another direct payment is approved to the time the IRS can process the first batch.
“I can get out 50 million payments really quickly. A lot of it into people’s direct accounts,” Mnuchin said then.
If a check doesn’t arrive until 2021, there will be a new Treasury secretary — it isn’t clear if a transition of power would cause a delay in sending out money. Biden has selected Janet Yellen, the previous chair of the US Federal Reserve, though she would need to be confirmed by the Senate before taking office.
Even if the checks were to go out faster the second time by following the existing IRS protocol from the first payment, that doesn’t necessarily mean your stimulus money would arrive a week after a bill went live. The following section explains more.
When’s the soonest I could get my next stimulus check?
Here’s one: Not everyone will get a payment at the same time. With the first check, the IRS divided stimulus payments into three main groups depending on the form in which you received the money. We explain more in the next section.
Directly below, these speculative dates show when you might see a payment. The second scenario is possible if the House and Senate are called back to vote and the session officially extended. We also sketched out two timelines if a bill becomes law after Biden’sto give you an idea of how long you might have to wait.
Possible dates a second stimulus check could go out
|Scenario 1||Scenario 2||Scenario 3||Scenario 4|
|House passes final bill||Dec 9||Dec 14||Feb 1||Mar 1|
|Senate passes final bill||Dec 10||Dec 15||Feb 2||Mar 2|
|President signs||Dec 11||Dec 16||Feb 3||Mar 3|
|First direct deposits issued||Week of Dec 14||Week of Dec 21||Week of Feb 8||Week of Mar 8|
|First paper checks sent||Week of Dec 21||Week of Dec 28||Week of Feb 16 (Feb 15 is President’s Day)||Week of Mar 15|
|First EIP cards sent||Week of Jan 18||Week of Jan 25||Week of Mar 15||Week of Apr 12|
Is there a reason the IRS staggers the payment schedule?
There are a few reasons the IRS doesn’t send all the stimulus payments at once. One is the sheer volume of disbursements it has to process. With the first check, the IRS has said it could deliver 5 million to 7 million paper stimulus checks a week, starting with, is less than $20,000, and then moving to people whose AGIs are progressively larger, according to the Government Accountability Office.
Another reason payments come at different times for different people depends on the way they get the cash. By summer, the IRS had sent money to at least 160 million people, with people the federal government hadinformation for receiving their checks first. Physical checks and followed, creating a de facto priority order that could result in some Americans receiving their checks days or even weeks before others. See below for more information on the different payment groups.
Some people with more complicated personal situations areor even for . People in this group may not be able to get their stimulus allotment until the middle of 2021.
We expect the IRS will adopt roughly the same system for sending out a second stimulus check in 2020 or 2021 as it did with the first stimulus check, which was approved in March as part of the CARES Act.
More about the 5 different stimulus check payment groups
Direct deposit recipients: People who already have theiron file with the IRS or who provide that info when and if registration opens again should be first in line to receive a stimulus check. An electronic transfer of funds is faster and more efficient, which is why this group largely got their first payment faster.
Social Security beneficiaries: With the first stimulus payment, many Social Security beneficiaries who had direct deposit information on file with the federal government received checks in the first week, though not always the first day.
People who get paper checks: The IRS began to mail checks about a week later to those without direct deposit data on file.
EIP card recipients:are prepaid Visa cards the IRS sent to about 4 million people starting in mid-May. If the IRS follows the same payment priority order, this group could begin to see their payment weeks after the first direct deposit transfers take place.
People with more complex situations: This category includes people who received a check after June, are still waiting to receive their stimulus payment or who. Direct payments will continue through the end of 2020 for some individuals who weren’t part of the previous groups. Here’s what could be for some people and to report a missing, lost or stolen check.
The IRS will continue sending the first checks in December
While the majority of people in line to receive a stimulus check got theirs by the end of July, up until late November there were still millions of people who were eligible for stimulus money that hadn’t received it. That includes, some who and (including and people who ).
If you’re aand didn’t receive a check as expected, you may also need to investigate. And a new court ruling has made it possible for millions of to get a check, even after the IRS changed its rules to exclude this group.
The Nov. 21 deadline to claim the payment in 2020 has passed, but you’ll be able toduring tax season 2021.
If you’re still waiting on the first round of payments, you can, learn and find possible . The IRS has said it will continue to send payments through Dec. 10, according to the Government Accountability Office.