The Lost Colony of Roanoke has been an unsolved American mystery for centuries, but to Scott Dawson it was not the English settlers who went missing, it was the Croatoan tribe who helped them that did. 

Dawson, an author and hobby archaeologist, has spent nearly a decade searching for proof that the group integrated with the natives after being ‘abandoned’ 400 years ago and claims the colony assimilated with the natives on Hatteras Island. 

Throughout the investigation, he uncovered writings from settlers who ‘knew’ the colony had went to live with the tribe, along with a number of artifacts that place the two groups together on the island.

A number of new Croatoan and English items have been excavated, including an iron key, a native farming tool, a gun barrel and olive jars, which adds more weight to Dawson’s claims.

However, Dawson explained there has been a clue to the settler’s whereabouts since the beginning – a wooden post discovered at the abandon camp with the word ‘Croatoan’ etched on it.

‘The entire concept of the colony being lost is total fiction,’ said Dawson. 

‘The truth of the Croatoan was lost in order to prop up a racist myth designed to hide assimilation.

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The Lost Colony of Roanoke has been an unsolved American mystery for centuries, but to Scott Dawson (pictured) it was not the English settlers who went missing, it was the Croatoan tribe who helped them that did

The Lost Colony of Roanoke has been an unsolved American mystery for centuries, but to Scott Dawson (pictured) it was not the English settlers who went missing, it was the Croatoan tribe who helped them that did

‘In 1937 the lost colony play was created and North Carolina was still 30 years away from being desegregated.

‘If they had a play that ended with the colony assimilating with the Croatoan the public would have torn down the stage. 

‘Also it would be impossible to pretend the colony was lost if the relationship they had with the Croatoan was explained.’

Dawson recently published a book about his findings, called ‘The Lost Colony and Hatteras Island,’ which tells the tale of the missing English settlers, but also of the forgotten Croatoan tribe. 

Pictured is a whelk shell the Croatoan used a a hoe to farm with they called it a rashaquon

Pictured is an English iron key found on Hatteras Island

He and a team of archaeologists have found a number of Croaton and English items in the same layers of dirt, including an iron key (right), a native farming tool (left), a gun barrel and olive jars 

Dawson explained there has been one clue since the beginning - a wooden post discovered at the abandon camp with the word 'Croatoan' etched on it. 'The entire concept of the colony being lost is total fiction,' said Dawson

Dawson explained there has been one clue since the beginning – a wooden post discovered at the abandon camp with the word ‘Croatoan’ etched on it. ‘The entire concept of the colony being lost is total fiction,’ said Dawson

‘The Croatoan are pretty similar to all the tribes from the area,’ says Dawson.

‘They used sea shells for different tools more and as grog for pottery instead of pebbles.

‘They adopted firearms and metallurgy before any other tribe.

‘They had the same burial practices and religion as tribes around them and the same technology and type of houses.

‘They were not so different from other tribes until they adopted the English.’

In 1587 a group of English settlers arrived on Roanoke Island to start a new life, but three years later more than 100 of the colonists vanished. However, Dawson and other experts are sure the settlers moved to Hatteras Island to live with the Croatoan tribe

 In 1587 a group of English settlers arrived on Roanoke Island to start a new life, but three years later more than 100 of the colonists vanished. However, Dawson and other experts are sure the settlers moved to Hatteras Island to live with the Croatoan tribe

Dawson explains that one of the returning crew members wanted to travel to Hatteras Island (pictured) to see his daughter and granddaughter, but a hurricane stopped the voyage and he never saw his family again - but he knew they had moved to the Island

Dawson explains that one of the returning crew members wanted to travel to Hatteras Island (pictured) to see his daughter and granddaughter, but a hurricane stopped the voyage and he never saw his family again – but he knew they had moved to the Island

Although the world still deems the colony a mystery, writings from Governor John White, one of the settlers who returned to a deserted camp in 1590, suggest he knew where they had moved camp.

White recorded that he was never able to search Hatteras Island because of weather and dwindling supplies, but his writings indicate he took solace in the message carved into the post.

Dawson recently published a book about his findings, called 'The Lost Colony and Hatteras Island,' which tells the tale of the missing English settlers, but also of the forgotten Croatoan tribe

Dawson recently published a book about his findings, called ‘The Lost Colony and Hatteras Island,’ which tells the tale of the missing English settlers, but also of the forgotten Croatoan tribe

‘I greatly joyed that I had found a certain token of their being at Croatoan where Manteo was born,’ reads the passage.

Manteo, a leader of the Croatoan tribe, befriended the Lost Colony settlers before traveling back to England with the explorers.

Dawson explains that White wanted to travel to Hatteras Island to see his daughter and granddaughter, but a hurricane stopped the voyage and he never saw his family again.

Only White had family in the colony and everyone else aboard the ship wanted to leave, Dawson explained.

‘What a shame because they saw columns of smoke coming from the island and that is how the story ends.

‘No one ever went back – not until John Lawson 100 years later.’

Lawson, another English explorer, landed in what is now Charleston, North Carolina, about a century after the lost colony and to his surprise encountered natives with blue eyes who could ‘speak out a book’, according to his personal records.

The story of the Lost Colony begins in England where Queen Elizabeth I and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh wanted to create a new capitol in America by sending an expedition of 115 people to break ground.

The ship, which landed in 1587, was also the first to bring women and children to the New World, which included Governor John White’s pregnant daughter Eleanor White Dare.

Several weeks after settlers landed in Roanoke, Eleanor gave birth to the first English baby born in American, naming her Virginia Dare.

Governor White soon returned to England to ask for more supplies, but he and other Englishmen were caught in the war between Spain.

When he was finally able to make it back in 1590 on his granddaughter’s third birthday, the colony was deserted.

Pictured is a gun barrel found during the investigation on Hatteras Island. 'The funny thing is both the colony and the Croatoan became 'lost,' Dawson said. 'They are never mentioned in the story until there was the words on the tree'

Pictured is a gun barrel found during the investigation on Hatteras Island. ‘The funny thing is both the colony and the Croatoan became ‘lost,’ Dawson said. ‘They are never mentioned in the story until there was the words on the tree’

Pictured is a 16th century olive jar found on Hatteras Island

Pictured is a 16th century olive jar found on Hatteras Island

Pictured is a 16th century olive jar found on Hatteras Island. The excavation of Hatters Island revealed the natives and English built their homes side-by-side

The story of the Lost Colony of Roanoke  

More than 400 years ago, Queen Elizabeth I and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh had hoped the 1580s expedition to America would create a new capital for England, but something went terribly wrong.

The ship, carrying 115 explorers, was the first to bring women and children to the Americas when it landed in 1587.

The group included Governor John White’s pregnant daughter Eleanor White Dare.

Several weeks after they landed in Roanoke, Eleanor gave birth to the first English baby born in the New World and named her Virginia Dare.

Governor White soon returned to England to ask for more supplies, but was held up in England for three years while the English warred with Spain.

When he was finally able to make it back in 1590 on his granddaughter’s third birthday, the colony was deserted.

Numerous theories have surfaced about what happened to the 115 English settlers.

Some suggest they died from disease, were massacred by either Native Americans or Spanish settlers or assimilated into a nearby Native American tribe, either as friends or slaves.

 However, there is one other theory – the settlers went to live the nearby Hatteras Island with the Croatoan tribe

The only thing left was the engraved post, which told the men the group had moved to Hatteras Island to live with the tribe.

‘The funny thing is both the colony and the Croatoan became ‘lost,’ Dawson said.

‘They are never mentioned in the story until there was the words on the tree.

‘So much focus is on the abandoned colony, but an entire tribe was lost at least to history.’  

While excavating parts of the island, Dawson and a team of international archaeologists uncovered thousands of artifacts, belonging to both the Croatoan and English.

‘Houses were found to have been built side-by-side. We thought the English would have had their own chunk of land,’ explained Dawson.

The team has found bullets mixed in with arrowheads, along with English copper fittings for shoelaces (pictured), iron keys and a gun barrel - all where the tribe had lived

The team has found bullets mixed in with arrowheads, along with English copper fittings for shoelaces (pictured), iron keys and a gun barrel – all where the tribe had lived

The Dare Stone 

Another clue about the Lost Colony of Roanoke was discovered in 1937, the Dare Stone.

Discovered on the North Carolina-Virginia border, the stone was believed to be written by Eleanor White Dare, Roanoke Governor John White’s daughter, and possibly tells the story of what happened to the settlers when they left their colony on Roanoke.

Another clue was discovered in 1937, the Dare Stone. the stone was believed to be written by Eleanor White Dare, Roanoke Governor John White's daughter, and possibly tells the story of what happened

According to some experts , the stone says more than half the settlers died and eventually there was news that a ship had arrived off the coast.

 Another clue was discovered in 1937, the Dare Stone. the stone was believed to be written by Eleanor White Dare, Roanoke Governor John White’s daughter, and possibly tells the story of what happened

Scholars have since been able to transcribe the markings.

On the first side, below a cross (the emergency symbol) the message reads: ‘Ananias Dare & / Virginia Went Hence / Unto Heaven 1591 / Anye Englishman Shew / John White Govr Via’.

The other side of the stone told the supposed story of what happened to the colonists after Governor White returned to England in 1587, in more detail. Written from the perspective of Eleanor, the writer says the colonists left Roanoke and had two years of ‘Misarie’.

According to experts , the stone says more than half the settlers died and eventually there was news that a ship had arrived off the coast.

The stone also notes it should be taken to Governor White and the Native American to bring it to the governor will receive ‘Plentie Presents’.

It was signed ‘EWD’ for Eleanor White Dare.

‘Their blacksmith shop was in the village which is a little surprising.

‘We are thinking from a 2020 point of view, but people in the 16th century were powerfully racists and there was a language barrier, so who knows what variables played into that.’ 

Dawson recently shared new artifacts uncovered at the Hatteras site.

The trove includes English copper fittings for shoelaces,  an iron key and a gun barrel that belonged to the settlers.

However, in the same layers of soil there laid a a whelk shell the Croatoan used a a hoe to farm with they called it a rashaquon and a olive jar – both belonging to the tribe.

These relics, Dawson claims, adds more support to the notion that the two groups lived in harmony on the Island and learned to work together. 

The Croatoan tribe was plagued with small pox in 1695, which spread across North Carolina, killing 95 percent of the people in just one year.

‘After that they just never bounced back,’ Dawson said.

‘But if it wasn’t for the Indians, we would have had web feet.’ 

source: dailymail.co.uk

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