Antarctica breakthrough: How scientists made 'astonishing' life on Mars discovery 

The possibility of life on Mars is a subject of significant interest to NASA due to numerous similarities it shares with Earth, but to date, no proof has been found of past or present life as we know it. However, recent advances suggest the Red Planet once flowed with water, meaning Mars may have once harvested life in conditions much warmer and wetter than today. Despite this, a scientist in Germany made a remarkable discovery to prove that living organisms can not only survive on the Red Planet but thrive too, Amazon Prime’s “Tomorrow’s World” showed.

The narrator revealed: “Life could exist in this cold, hostile place [Mars].

“This has been demonstrated by Dr Jean-Pierre Paul De Vera, of the German Spatial Research Centre in Berlin.

“In his laboratory, this passionate researcher has created an amazing machine – a Martian chamber – temperature, atmospheric pressure, chemical composition, UV rays, each parameter can be regulated with precision.

“Each parameter can be regulated with precision, the aim, to test the resistance of terrestrial organisms to Martian conditions.”

Dr De Vera revealed what the experiments showed.

He explained: “From what we’ve seen, the results we’ve had, it would be possible to find life there, or terrestrial life, microorganisms could survive on Mars.

“It’s impressive, we never imagined these results, especially with more complex organisms. 

“They are not bacteria, they’re organisms, which use photosynthesis.

“Life is possible on Mars, and Mars can be a habitat for organisms that live on Earth.”

READ MORE: It changes everything!’ Why NASA is probing ‘greatest discovery of humankind’

On October 8, 2015, NASA published its strategy for human exploration and colonisation of Mars, the concept operates through three distinct phases leading up to fully sustained civilisation on the Red Planet, which they hope to implement sometime in the mid-2030s. 

NASA’s Mars mission is split into three distinct phases leading up to a fully sustained civilisation. 

The first stage, already under way, is the “Earth Reliant” phase, this will continue to use the International Space Station until 2024, validating deep space technologies and studying the effects of long-duration space missions on the human body.  

The second stage, “Proving Ground,” ventures into cislunar space for most of its tasks, to test deep-space habitation facilities, and validate capabilities required for human exploration of Mars. 

Finally, phase three, the “Earth Independent” stage includes long-term missions on the Red Planet with surface habitats that only require routine maintenance, and the harvesting of Martian resources for fuel, water, and building materials.