University students with morning lectures tend to have lower grades


Some students struggle with morning lectures

Barry Lewis/Alamy

University students tend to get lower grades if their classes and lectures begin early in the morning.

Attending classes and sleeping well are both associated with increased engagement and performance at university – but a course with lectures scheduled early in the morning might compromise students’ ability to do both.

To investigate, Joshua Gooley at Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore and his colleagues analysed the grades of 27,281 undergraduates enrolled at the National University of Singapore. The students were attending classes between 2018 and 2020, …