The wholesale chili market in Kunri, Pakistan, is one of the largest in the world. <p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>
The wholesale chili market in Kunri, Pakistan, is one of the largest in the world.

  • The town of Kunri, Pakistan, is famous for chili farming and is home to one of the largest chili markets in the world.

  • But in recent years, extreme heat and flooding have destroyed much of farmers’ harvests, impacting the livelihoods “of about 30,000 people,” one trader said.

  • Farmers expect to save just 30% of their chili crops this year — and that’s after the coronavirus already set back business by three years.

  • View more episodes of Business Insider Today on Facebook.

Nearly 25,000 sacks of chilis are bought and sold every day at this wholesale market in southern Pakistan, one of the largest chili markets in the world.

The wholesale chili market in Kunri, Pakistan, is one of the largest in the world. <p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>
The wholesale chili market in Kunri, Pakistan, is one of the largest in the world.

But in recent years, harvests in the town of Kunri have gone down. Farmers say climate change is taking a severe toll.

<p class="copyright">Reuters</p>

Kunri is especially famous for a pepper known as the ‘longi’ or ‘gol’ chili.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Pakistan is the fourth-largest producer of chilis in the world, but the crop needs the right amount of rain to thrive. Last year’s extreme heat led to the harvest falling by 40% compared to 2018.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Source: The News International

Then, after months of extreme heat, Kunri and other parts of Pakistan saw the worst monsoon rains in 90 years in August.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Source: Democracy Now

Chili farmers expect to save only 30% of their crop this year — a devastating blow to their incomes.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Traders at the wholesale market also suffered losses.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

“I think about 3,000 people work at this wholesale chili market. And probably each person who works here has 10 family members to support. So that means this market is responsible for the livelihood of about 30,000 people,” chili trader Mohammad Saleem told Business Insider Today.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Saleem has been working for decades at the wholesale market, where farmers bring in their harvests and workers pack it into sacks by hand. Each bag holds nearly 28 kilograms of peppers and fetches about 15,000 rupees, the equivalent of $90.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Business came to a standstill because of the coronavirus, which forced the market to close earlier this year. “It set back our business by three years. We suffered big losses,” chili trader Nadeem Kumbar said.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

When it comes to climate change, things are only expected to get worse. By 2050, annual average temperatures in Pakistan are projected to increase by 2.5 degrees Celsius, which means deadly heat waves and floods could happen every year, giving farmers more cause for concern.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Source: The World Bank

It’s another example of the changing climate’s immediate impact on the planet and people’s livelihoods.

<p class="copyright">Kashif Khan for Business Insider Today</p>

Read the original article on Business Insider

source: yahoo.com

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