The Summer bank holiday was introduced in the Bank Holidays Act 1871 and first observed that year.

The holiday in England, Wales and Northern Ireland was moved to the last Monday in August in 1971 following a a successful trial that began in 1965.

Scotland kept the original date, which is why they have the bank holiday on a different date to the rest of Britain.

Unlike the Spring bank holidays, the August holiday does not represent a modern version of any older religious festival.

source: express.co.uk

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