As a result of the study, the astronomers have identified 11 space rocks that could be a cause for concern in the coming years.
The asteroids will all approach the planet at least 10 times closer than the Moon and all measure more than 328ft (100m) across.
The asteroids have not been previously identified by other tracking systems because of their very chaotic orbits.
The Dutch astronomers, however, expect them all to come close to Earth between the years 2131 and 2923.
Professor Zwart said: “We now know that our method works, but we would certainly like to delve deeper in the research with a better neural network and with more input.