His comments came in a Story magazine article dated November 1961, following the Berlin Crisis over the occupational status of the German capital. The incident started when the USSR launched an ultimatum demanding the withdrawal of all armed forces from Berlin, including the Western armed forces in West Berlin. The crisis culminated in the city’s de facto partition with the East German erection of the Berlin Wall, but JFK was worried the Soviets would not stop there.

Assuming forces may try to push further into Europe, he wrote in a magazine article following the events: “Berlin developments may confront us with a situation where we may desire to take the initiative in the escalation of conflict from the local to the general war level.”

His comments referred to Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, which states: “The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all.

“Consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defence recognised by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area.”

However, they sparked fear worldwide after they were interpreted as plans to launch a nuclear attack on the USSR.

Documents seen by Express.co.uk reveal a worrying exchange between the UK Ambassador, David Ormsby-Gore, and the President in March 1962.

Mr Ormsby-Gore asked via telegram: “Mr President, could you elaborate on the idea attributed to you in a magazine article that there may be circumstances under which we would have to take the initiative in a nuclear war?”

To which Kennedy responded: “Yes, I think Mr (Jerome David) Salinger’s statement made it very clear that this was intended to be merely a restatement of a traditional position where if a vital area like Western Europe, was being overrun by conventional forces, that the US would take means available to defend it.

“It was not intended to suggest, as Mr Salinger said, that this meant the United States would take aggressive action on its own part, or would launch an attack, a so-called preventive attack on its part.

READ MORE: UK’s chilling ‘execution’ plan for nuclear war anarchy exposed

After several days of tense negotiations, an agreement was reached between Kennedy and Khrushchev. 

Publicly, the Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba and return them to the Soviet Union, subject to United Nations verification, in exchange for a US public declaration and agreement to avoid invading Cuba again. 

Secretly, the US agreed that it would dismantle all US-built Jupiter MRBMs, which had been deployed in Turkey against the Soviet Union; there has been a debate on whether or not Italy was included in the agreement as well.

source: express.co.uk


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