This was a result of the Pakistan Movement, which had pushed for an independent Muslim state to the north-west of India.
The Indian Independence Act was brought about in 1947, which saw the British Raj grant independence to the Dominion of Pakistan (modern-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (Bangladesh).
The British Raj was the British run system of governance in India – which lasted from 1858 to 1947.
Pakistan’s independence was campaigned for by the All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Pakistan’s Independence Day is celebrated with special prayers in mosques – centred around peace and security of the country.
Starting at the beginning of August, fairs, stalls and shops pop up throughout the country to sell national flags, bunting, badges, banners and other celebratory merchandise.
There is also a flag hoisting ceremony held at the Presidential and Parliamentary buildings in Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad, followed by television addresses by the country’s leaders.
Celebrities and political leaders speak at rallies and events, praising national heroes and leading celebrations.
Parades, patriotic songs and award ceremonies are also held throughout Pakistan.
A 21-gun salute will also take place in Islamabad.
How old is Pakistan?
Pakistan’s independence was declared in 1947, announced at midnight on the night between August 14 and 15.
This united the eastern and northwestern regions of what was known as British India.
Pakistan is 71-years-old, with Prime Minister Clement Attlee announcing in February of 1947 that the British Government would grant full self-governance to British India, and the act being passed in August 1947.
This is the 72nd independence day for Pakistan, and prime minister-in-waiting Imran Khan tweeted to remind citizens of the origins of the day – and two founders Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Muhammad Iqbal.
Khan tweeted: “On this Independence Day I am filled with the greatest optimism.
“Despite our grave economic crises, due to corruption and cronyism, I know if we are united in our resolve, we will rise to the challenge and Pakistan will become the great nation envisaged by our Quaid & Iqbal.”
Why is Pakistan’s Independence Day before India’s?
Both Pakistan and India were granted independence in 1947, however, celebrate their independence days on separate days.
The two self-governing countries came into existence at midnight on August 15 1947, yet Pakistan celebrate this a day earlier.
The reason for Pakistan celebrating their independence day on August 14, and India theirs on August 15 is due to the wish of the last British Viceroy – Lord Mountbatten of Burma – to attend both initial independence ceremonies in 1947.
The ceremonies for transfer of power took place on August 14, 1947, for Pakistan and August 15, 1947, for India.