Hawaii volcano update: Kilauea could erupt again at ANY SECOND – how could it restart?

Kilauea Volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island could see a sudden change in its eruptive behaviour in the near future, with lava again sprouting from its summit.

Currently, the volcano has been responsible for the destruction of hundreds of homes and submerging the island’s south east coast in lava.

The entry point at Kapoho Bay is still producing large amounts of noxious fumes and has now sprouted a major new outcrop of land.

As the lava flows calm, researchers have been able to investigate the lava and have provided an outlook which could mean another eruption.

How could Kilauea begin to erupt again?

Kilauea has been on a constant eruptive cycle for the last 35 years following a major eruption in 1983.

Technically Kilauea has been erupting since 1790, when an explosion erupted in the summit, known as a phreatomagmatic eruption.

After this point, the volcano was erupting fairly gently, before exploding again in 1924.

Kilauea’s 1983 eruption however seemed to connect it to neighbouring Mauna Loa’s own activity.

In 1984, Mauna Loa, erupted briefly for a three week period, with the worryingly close dates to Kilauea making it seem like one affected the other.

Researchers from Rice University stated that the volcanoes share their eruptions close together as they are pulling magma from the same ‘hotspot’.

Both were apparently utilising the same pool of lava, meaning that the eruptions may actually have been connected.

If we see Mauna Loa begin to erupt again, it is possible that Kilauea may not be far behind.

Apparently as one volcano erupts, the other fills up however, so we likely won’t see Kilauea erupt as a result of its relationship with Mauna Loa.

There were also fears that the recent Hurricane Hector could have caused a resurgence, as the low pressure of a Hurricane has been theorised

A hotly debated topic among scientists, there is not yet any evidence which suggests this could be a main cause.

However, as the hurricane did not pass directly over Kilauea’s summit, there was no proof from the recent storm system to suggest this could be a cause.

In the meantime Hawaii County Civil Defence has warned residents to stay away from the hazard zone.

The defence service said: “Although a lull in activity continues, it is common for eruptions to go through periods of diminished output, or to pause completely, only to reactivate days or weeks later, or longer.

“Activity could occur at any time.”

The United States Geological Survey said: “It is common for eruptions to go through periods of diminished output, or to pause completely, only to return with renewed vigour days or weeks later.”

Despite its calm, Kilauea remains on an orange alert for travel aviation, the second highest.